A pint-sized puggle* has found itself in the care of Taronga Zoo’s wildlife hospital after it was found abandoned in central NSW.
The 75-day-old short-beaked echidna puggle was found earlier this month at a farming property in Weja – a region six hours due west of Sydney – and is now thriving under the care of staff at Sydney’s Taronga Wildlife Hospital.
Echidna puggle at Taronga
Taronga Veterinary* Nurse Liz McConnell became the puggle’s surrogate* mother and took the young echidna home each night in a makeshift* burrow made from a climate-controlled food carrier.
The carrier is equipped with a thermometer and filled with dirt, leaf litter and soft towels.
“A puggle of this age would normally be in a burrow where it is relatively cool, probably no more than 23 degrees,” Ms McConnell said.
“After a full check-up, the hospital determined the puggle was relatively healthy with just a few scabs on its tail and was estimated to be around 70 days old.”
The puggle – who is still much too young to have its gender* confirmed – will remain under the care of McConnell and the Taronga Wildlife Hospital until it is strong enough to return home at about 10 months old. Carers have named the puggle Weja, after the far western NSW region where it was found.
Although they are not critically endangered*, short-beaked echidna populations are severely impacted by a range of factors including cars, introduced species and disturbances.
Taronga Zoo echidna expert Brett Finlayson loves these spiky little guys and shared his favourite echidna intel with Kids News:
Female echidnas build complex burrows during breeding time. With the puggle safely installed, the female backfills the entrance with leaves and sticks to ensure it is completely concealed, keeping her puggle safe from predators while she is away for up to a week foraging* for food.
Echidna milk is the richest milk in the animal kingdom. It’s so rich that the mother echidna only needs to feed the baby puggle about once a week. The pink colour comes from its very high iron* content.
The brains trust
Scientists are still investigating their intelligence, but echidnas can navigate* mazes and researchers have discovered that echidnas can also identify different symbols.
Female echidnas put the boys through their paces before choosing a mate. Leading an “echidna train”, the female walks kilometres a day, with the males following in single file. Exactly what’s going on remains a scientific mystery, but she selects her partner at the end of the line. An echidna train can last days or weeks, so the lazy need not apply.
Waste not, want not
Echidnas farm certain colonies of termites by controlling how much they eat. They leave enough termites for the colony to survive, the termites rebuild, then the echidnas come back in another month or so for another feast. Genius.
All together now
As part of its echidna breeding program, Taronga works with a number of other zoos to understand more about this cryptic*, clever species. There are five subspecies and zoos are working to identify if any of these are currently at risk to help determine the focus of breeding programs.
- puggle: baby echidna or baby platypus
- veterinary: relating to animal care and treating sick and injured animals
- surrogate: substitute, replacement, proxy
- makeshift: temporary, make-do, provisional
- determined: found, evaluated, decided
- gender: either of the two sexes, male and female
- critically endangered: at grave risk of species extinction
- navigate: plan and direct the course of something, to get from one point to another with care
- cryptic: mysterious, unknowable, hard to fully understand
- foraging: searching, hunting, seeking food
- iron: mineral bodies needs to make haemoglobin and for normal growth and development
- Weja is estimated to be how many days old?
- What is inside the carrier that is being used as a makeshift burrow?
- What are factors impacting echidna populations in the wild?
- Why can’t hospital staff confirm the puggle’s gender?
- What gives echidna milk its pinkish colour?
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1. Echidna trivia
Using information from this news story, or additional information you can find, write 10 multiple choice trivia questions about echidnas.
Team up with a classmate and quiz each other using the questions you have each written. Who will score highest?
Time: allow 30 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English; Science
Work with your partner from the above activity to create an echidna themed board game. Incorporate the trivia questions you have already written.
Time: allow 45 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English; Personal and Social Capability; Design and Technologies
Proper noun police
A proper noun is a noun that names a particular person, place or thing. It always has a capital letter.
How many proper nouns can you find within this article? Find them all and sort them into the category of name, place, time (date/month).
Can you find any proper nouns included in your writing? What are they? Can you sort them into their categories?