The Great Barrier Reef has avoided an “in danger” listing from the World Heritage Committee.
Committee members have voted not to downgrade the reef to “in danger”, following intense lobbying* from the federal government.
Instead, Australia will now have until February 2022 to show how its actions are helping improve the reef’s health and demonstrate why it should not be listed as “in danger”.
Australian government officials were shocked last month when UNESCO’s World Heritage
Committee issued a draft* decision to declare the reef “in danger”.
This prompted a campaign* by the Australian Government to block the “in danger” listing, fearing it would hurt the image of the natural wonder and icon* of Australian tourism.
Environment Minister Sussan Ley flew to Paris to personally lobby committee members, while key ambassadors* were taken on a reef snorkelling trip.
Ms Ley welcomed the July 23 decision not to immediately add the reef to the “in danger” list and said it was never about Australia “hiding from the challenges facing the reef or the pressures of climate change”.
“It has been about ensuring a fair and transparent* process for the reef and the people who work tirelessly to protect it,” she said.
“Our concern was always that UNESCO had sought an immediate ‘in danger’ listing without appropriate consultation, without a site visit and without all the latest information, and it is clear that this process has concerned not only Australia but other nations as well.”
Ms Ley said immediately adding the reef to the “in danger” list “made no sense”.
A dozen other countries agreed, putting forward an amendment* to the draft decision. The amendment said the reef should not be considered for this “in danger” list until 2023.
Nineteen of the 21 committee members spoke in favour of the amendment before Norway proposed a further amendment to bring forward the timetable for considering the reef’s “in danger” listing by one year. This was unanimously* agreed to.
Environmental groups, including the Australian Marine Conservation Society, have campaigned in favour of the “in danger” listing.
“The science is clear, the reef is in danger,” said the society’s boss, Darren Kindleysides.
“UNESCO’s science-based recommendation to the World Heritage Committee to add the Great Barrier Reef to the ‘in danger’ list should prompt faster and stronger measures to protect our natural wonder from climate change and poor water quality.”
Queensland Tourism Industry Council chief executive Daniel Gschwind said the industry would be relieved by the decision.
He said that had the reef been listed as “in danger” it would have sent a message that it was “beyond repair and perhaps not worth visiting”.
“It is simply one of the most important things we’ve got going for the tourism economy of Australia,” Mr Gschwind said.
But he said the events should serve as a “global call to action” for more to be done on climate change to protect the reef, which supported up to 60,000 jobs and generated about $6 billion worth of economic activity before Covid-19 hit.
Federal opposition environment spokeswoman Terri Butler said the decision was a temporary reprieve* and that the federal government must “dramatically lift its game on reef protection”.
- lobbying: seeking to influence people on an issue
- draft: an early version of something that usually needs more work
- campaign: a set of activities that aim to achieve a particular goal
- icon: something that is greatly admired and important
- ambassadors: people who represent a country or organisation
- transparent: open, not secretive
- amendment: a change to a law or document
- unanimously: without opposition, agreed to by everyone
- reprieve: let off
- What listing has the Great Barrier Reef avoided?
- Which committee makes the decision about the reef’s listing?
- Who is Australia’s Environment Minister?
- Which month next year will Australia have to show what it is doing to help the reef?
- How many jobs does the Great Barrier Reef support?
LISTEN TO THIS STORY
1. No Danger
Australia’s Government managed to hold off an ‘in danger’ rating for Australia’s famous Great Barrier Reef. We have only until February next year to ensure the actions we have in place are dramatically helping the state of it.
Work with a classmate and identify five key things the federal government needs to do between now and next year to ensure we are protecting and helping the Great Barrier Reef recover.
Time: allow 20 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, Science, Personal and social, Critical and creative thinking
Create a catchy slogan to encourage visitors to visit the Reef once border closures and other Covid-19 restrictions are lifted. Your slogan should be short, sharp and to the point and make the reef sound like a must-see holiday destination.
Time: allow 15 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English, Critical and creative thinking
I Spy Nouns
Nouns are places, names (of people and objects), and time (months or days of the week).
How many nouns can you find in the article?
Can you sort them into places, names and time?
Pick three nouns and add an adjective (describing word) to the nouns.