Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin wants to launch a new space station that will house up to 10 people in the second half of the decade, as the race to commercialise* space heats up.
The private outpost is one of several planned in the coming years as NASA considers the future of the International Space Station (ISS) after the 2020s.
The space agency holds a contract with a company called Axiom to develop a space station that will initially dock with the ISS and later become freeflying.
Named “Orbital Reef”, the station will fly at an altitude* of 500km, slightly above the ISS, with inhabitants* experiencing 32 sunrises and sunsets a day, according to a fact sheet released by Blue Origin.
It will support 10 people in a volume of 830 sqm, which is slightly smaller than the ISS, in futuristic modules with huge windows.
Completed in 2011, the ISS has long been a symbol of US-Russia space co-operation, but Moscow has recently cast doubt on the future of the partnership.
It is currently rated as safe until 2028 and new administrator Bill Nelson has said he hopes it will last until 2030, by which time NASA wants the commercial sector to step up and replace it.
Orbital Reef is described as “a mixed-use business park in space” that will support microgravity* research and manufacturing. It is a joint venture between Blue Origin, commercial space company Sierra Space and has the support of Boeing and Arizona State University.
“For over 60 years, NASA and other space agencies have developed orbital space flight and space habitation, setting us up for commercial business to take off in this decade,” said Blue Origin executive Brent Sherwood.
“We will expand access, lower the cost, and provide all the services and amenities* needed to normalise space flight.”
Blue Origin is currently only able to fly to suborbital* space with its New Shepard rocket, which blasted Star Trek actor William Shatner beyond the atmosphere earlier this month.
Its other planned projects include New Glenn, a rocket that can fly cargo and people into orbit, and a lunar lander – though it lost the moon contract to rival SpaceX, and is suing NASA to try to reverse that decision.
Bezos, the second richest man in the world thanks to e-commerce giant Amazon, founded Blue Origin in 2000, with the goal of one day building floating space colonies with artificial gravity where millions of people will work and live, freeing Earth from pollution.
These colonies would be based on a design by Gerard O’Neill, Bezos’ physics professor at Princeton, and would consist of counter-rotating cylinders providing artificial gravity.
- commercialise: when something is managed or used to make money for profit
- altitude: the height of something in relation to sea or ground level on Earth
- inhabitants: people or animals living or staying in a place
- microgravity: very weak gravity, the condition of weightlessness as in an orbiting spacecraft
- amenities: desirable features and facilities in a building or place
- suborbital: not completing a full orbit of the Earth
- How many people will be able to inhabit Orbital Reef?
- When was the International Space Station (ISS) completed?
- How many sunrises and sunsets will inhabitants experience each day on Orbital Reef?
- What is the planned altitude at which Orbital Reef will fly?
- The ISS is currently rated as safe until what year?
LISTEN TO THIS STORY
1. Multiple sunrises and sunsets in one day
The Orbital Reef station aims to have 10 people living in an orbiting space station from 2025 and beyond. One of the facts released by the Blue Origin company states that people aboard the station will see 32 sunrises and sunsets in one day. Draw, sketch or write words that come to mind when you hear that statement, “32 sunrises and sunsets in one day…”.
Do you think this is magical, or more of a weird concept for your body and mind to take in?
Time: allow 25 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: English; Visual Arts
What do you think of Jeff Bezos’s goal of having millions of people living in space colonies to ease the environmental pressures that Earth is facing?
Is this something you and your family would like to experience?
How do you imagine it? Sketch some ideas or chat with a partner.
Time: allow 15 minutes to complete this activity
Curriculum Links: Science; Critical and Creative Thinking
Grammar and VCOP
The glossary of terms helps you to understand and learn the ambitious vocabulary being used in the article. Can you use the words outlined in the glossary to create new sentences?
Challenge yourself to include other VCOP (vocabulary, connectives, openers and punctuation) elements in your sentence/s.
Have another look through the article, can you find any other Wow Words not outlined in the glossary?